# Perspective Drawing Series (1994)

I gave these Perspective lectures at Fullerton College in 1994. A friend videotaped them in the days of VHS.

This is a flawed production. It’s me in front of a class during a primitive era when teachers used chalk and I knew nothing about 3D programs nor their terminology. But it has one virtue: A train of thought that almost makes Perspective easy. I will guide you through how the principles work, and you’ll forgive my errors and oversights when you “get it” for the first time.

Click here for suggested projects and exercises.

I hope you can afford them at $1 per lecture. You can pay more if you like. Your contribution helps me to produce new videos. I have high hopes to do much better teaching for you….

**Video 1: Intro to Perspective**

This lecture is an overview of the course. It explains what perspective is, why it's difficult, and how to simplify to make it useful. Marshall defines the terms you will need for the course and lists the five ways artists create the illusion of depth on a flat surface. (23:41 min.)

**Video 2: Right Angles, Part 1**

This lecture demonstrates why parallel lines seem to meet in the distance. You will understand why the horizon and your eye level are always the same thing. You will also see that if you can draw a cube, you can (eventually) draw practically anything. (32:34 min.)

**Video 3: Right Angles, Part 2**

Learn why camera lenses have different focal lengths and how when you make a picture, you give your viewer a wide-angle, normal or telephoto view of the subject by placing your vanishing points. This is the secret of distorting and exaggerating an object. (32:01 min.)

**Video 4: Right Angles, Part 3**

Learn the "structural approach" to drawing that lets you "see through" objects and draw the unseen lines. This same approach allows you to draw groups of people in open spaces and keep their apparent sizes consistent as they become distant. Also learn the two hazards of applying this and how to overcome them. (35:57 min.)

**Video 51: Circles & Ellipses, Part 1**

Circles are everywhere, and ellipses are how circles appear in perspective. Poorly constructed ellipses are one of the quickest giveaways of the untrained artist. This demonstration shows how you can construct a precise ellipse and improve your freehand drawings of anything that has circular sections. (27:10 min.)

**Bonus Video: Ellipse Construction Demo**

A brief Ellipse Construction Demo. (2:28 min.)

**Video 6: Circles & Ellipses, Part 2**

This demonstration shows you how to overcome the two most baffling problems beginners have in trying to put wheels on cars or knobs on doors: finding the center of the circle in space and placing the angle properly. In less than an hour, these problems will be solved for the rest of your career. (38:12 min.)

**Video 7: Circles & Ellipses, Part 3**

Dials, gears and designs on cans or vases are not solved by guesswork. They can be drawn accurately and confidently. This lecture shows how to master any round form, whether industrial or natural, by learning to wrap lines around a sphere. (34:39 min.)

**Video 8: Right Angles & Circles Combined**

Doors, box flaps and even human limbs create new drawing problems because they swing on a hinge. They are solved by combining all the material covered in the course so far. (25:04 min.)

**Video 9: Inclined Planes & The Vanishing Trace**

Any surface that is not level needs its own horizon line and vanishing points. How do you find them? This lecture will show you that the "vanishing trace" is all you need to draw rooftops, stairways and any other surfaces that slant up or down. (27:22 min.)

**Video 10: Depth Measuring Systems, Part 1**

This lecture covers three of the five ways to "measure back into space" on the flat surface of your paper. The first two are simple and quick, but limited. The third system allows you to precisely draw picket fences, floor tiles, or anything that recedes with regular measurements. (33:58 min.)

**Video 11: Depth Measuring Systems, Part 2**

This is a demonstration of the more advanced systems that will allow you to place any complex and irregular set of measurements onto a wall or a floor or a stairway and know where to place every point. The final system is surprisingly easy when you know about the "special vanishing point." (36:04 min.)

**Video 12: Plan Projection**

How does a 3D program let you see an imaginary object from any angle? It uses the same method artists have used for hundreds of years. Learn how a top, side and front view can be used to draw an object from any point of view. (41:48 min.)

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12 videos (plus a bonus demo) totaling about 6.5 hours of lessons.